ELECTRICAL FAULT FINDING
Any electrical system, whether it’s installed in a commercial or a residential property, can and probably will experience a fault at some point in time.
The occurrence of a fault or an abnormal electric current can be caused by many factors, with the biggest and most common of all being that the electrical system itself has fallen to neglect and has not been subjected to regular preventive maintenance for a long time.
An electrical fault, if left alone long enough to actually cause problems, could result in not only property damage but also serious bodily injury or even death by electrocution to those exposed to anomalous electric currents.
EFFECTS OF ELECTRICAL FAULTS
- Risk or danger of electrocution. An electrical fault can result in property occupants receiving shocks or getting electrocuted. The severity of the shock usually depends on the amount of current and voltage, as well as the location of the fault itself. This can easily result in grievous injury or even death.
- Equipment loss. An electrical fault can result in a heavy flow of electricity going through devices and appliances. This can easily cause delicate circuitry and wiring inside those electronics or electrical appliances to short and burn out, rendering them unusable or damaging them completely.
- Widespread connection disturbance. An electrical fault at a specific spot in the system not only affects the devices or appliances in its vicinity but all other devices connected to the system as well. This obviously multiplies the potential damage to property and loss of productivity brought about by the original fault.
- Electrical fires. Short circuit faults, especially severe ones, can cause sparks or explosions that can then trigger a full-fledged blaze. This can easily destroy any property as well as put lives at risk.
CAUSES OF ELECTRICAL FAULTS
- Equipment failures. Electrical appliances and equipment such as motors, generators, transformers, refrigerators, switching devices and others can cause short circuit faults due to malfunctioning, aging, wearing out of components, cable insulation failure and others. A short circuit fault happens when an active wire comes into contact with a neutral return wire, causing a large amount of electricity to flow through the circuit. This can easily burn delicate circuitry or components in machinery or equipment and it may even cause electrical fires or explosions.
- Human error. Electrical faults can also occur due to human error. For example, the electrical system itself may have been installed incorrectly or in a substandard manner, resulting in exposed wiring or poorly planned power point positioning. Poor workmanship can also result from the wrong kind of equipment being installed, such as wiring or circuit breakers that are not graded to take the power draw or load demanded by the equipment or assets in the property.
- Vermin or pests. Rodents, insects and other pests can gnaw at electrical wiring or choke up equipment with dirt or debris. They themselves may even come into contact with exposed wiring and become the very source of the fault when they die and their carcasses block the flow of current. This can be very hard to detect by property owners since this usually takes place in unseen nooks and crannies of a house or building.
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